1.1.9. Direct Queries

If you need to perform queries directly, additional fetch* and yield* methods are provided which expose the underlying Atlas\Pdo\Connection functionality. By using the columns() method, you can select specific columns or individual values. For example:

// an array of IDs
$threadIds = $atlas
    ->select(Thread::CLASS)
    ->columns(['thread_id'])
    ->limit(10)
    ->orderBy('thread_id DESC')
    ->fetchColumn();

// key-value pairs of IDs and titles
$threadIdsAndTitles = $atlas
    ->select(Thread::CLASS)
    ->columns(['thread_id', 'tite'])
    ->limit(10)
    ->orderBy('thread_id DESC')
    ->fetchKeyPair();

// etc.

See the list of Connection fetch() and yield() methods for more.

You can also call fetchRow() or fetchRows() to get Row objects directly from the Table underlying the Mapper.

1.1.9.1. Complex Queries

You can use any of the direct table access methods with more complex queries and joins as provided by Atlas.Query:

$threadData = $atlas
    ->select(Thread::CLASS)
    ->columns('threads.subject', 'authors.name', 's.*')
    ->join('INNER', 'authors', 'authors.author_id = threads.author_id')
    ->join('INNER', 'summary AS s', 's.thread_id = threads.thread_id')
    ->where('authors.name = ', $name)
    ->orderBy('threads.thread_id DESC')
    ->offset(2)
    ->limit(2)
    ->fetchUnique();

1.1.9.2. Joining On Defined Relationships

In addition the various JOIN methods provided by Atlas.Query, the MapperSelect also provides joinWith(), so that you can join on a defined relationship and then use columns from that relationship. (The related table will be aliased automatically as the relationship name.)

For example, to JOIN with another table as defined in the Mapper relationships:

$threadIdsAndAuthorNames = $atlas
    ->select(Thread::CLASS)
    ->joinWith('author')
    ->columns(
        "threads.thread_id",
        "CONCAT(author.first_name, ' ', author.last_name)"
    )
    ->limit(10)
    ->orderBy('thread_id DESC')
    ->fetchKeyPair();

You can specify the JOIN type as part of the related name string, in addition to an alias of your choosing:

// specify the join type:
$select->joinWith('LEFT author');

// specify an alternative alias:
$select->joinWith('author AS author_alias');

// specify both
$select->joinWith('LEFT author AS author_alias');

Finally, you can pass a callable as an optional third parameter to add "sub" JOINs on the already-joined relationship. For example, to find all authors with threads that have the "foo" tag on them:

$authorsWithThreadsAndTags = $atlas
    ->select(Author::CLASS)
    ->joinWith('threads', function ($sub) {
        $sub->joinWith('taggings', function ($sub) {
            $sub->joinWith('tag');
        });
    })
    ->where('tag = ', 'foo');

This builds a query similar to the following:

SELECT
    *
FROM
    authors
        JOIN threads ON authors.author_id = threads.author_id
        JOIN taggings ON threads.thread_id = taggings.thread_id
        JOIN tags AS tag ON taggings.tag_id = tag.tag_id
WHERE tag = :__1__

Note:

Using joinWith() does not select any records from the defined relationship; it only adds a JOIN clause. If you want to select related records, use the with() method.

1.1.9.3. Reusing the Select

The select object can be used for multiple queries, which may be useful for pagination. The generated select statement can also be displayed for debugging purposes.

$select = $atlas
    ->select(Thread::CLASS)
    ->columns('*')
    ->offset(10)
    ->limit(5);

// Fetch the current result set
$results = $select->fetchAll();

// Fetch the row count without any limit or offset
$totalCount = $select->fetchCount();

// View the generated select statement
$statement = $select->getStatement();